Fukuyama Castle was built in 1619 by the feudal lord Mizuno Katsunari. He was a cousin of Tokugawa Ieyasu, the shogun who unified Japan and established the Edo Shogunate that lasted for 200 years until 1868. It is considered one of the renowned castles of the Edo period. In August 1945, parts of the castle including the castle tower were destroyed, however, the watchtower and the iron gate survived. They were later designated as Important Cultural Properties. The castle tower was reconstructed in 1966 and opened as the Fukuyama Castle Museum, exhibiting articles and materials of successive feudal lords.
There are also 500 cherry trees in the castle grounds and thousands come to view the cherry blossoms when they bloom from late March to mid-April. They also light lanterns in the evening, so visitors can enjoy the cherry blossoms after sunset.