Historical Places

Historical Places

Hiroshima is a treasure-trove of historical buildings and locations. Whether it is the old Edo period towns and dwellings in Mitarai, Tomonoura and Takehara, or the surviving remains from the atomic bomb in 1945, you can trace every aspect of Hiroshima’s history through its buildings. In this section, you can see some of the most important places and monuments that give you a sense of Hiroshima’s past.

Fukuyama Castle
Fukuyama Castle

Fukuyama Castle was built in 1619 by the feudal lord Mizuno Katsunari. He was a cousin of Tokugawa Ieyasu, the shogun who unified Japan and established the Edo Shogunate that lasted for 200 years until 1868. It is considered one of the renowned castles of the Edo period. In August 1945, parts of the castle including the castle tower were destr...

Rest House of Hiroshima Peace Park
Rest House of Hiroshima Peace Park

At the time of the bombing, this building was a kimono shop. The ground floor of this building is now a tourist information area, rest area and a gift shop. The basement has been kept as it was after the bomb. Of all the people inside this building at the time of the blast, only one person survived. That person happened to be in the basement. ...

Miyajima Machiya Street
Miyajima Machiya Street

Behind the Omote-Sando shopping street with a lot of visitors going and coming around souvenir shops is a backstreet called Machiya Street. It is a nostalgic avenue with old townscape and preserves the atmosphere of past epoch. There are cafes and art galleries renovated from old folk houses lining the street. If you just walk the street, you ...

Tomonoura
Tomonoura

Tomonoura is an picturesque port town located in Fukuyama City with more than 1000 years of history. For a long time the port was a pivotal crossroads for trade in the Seto Inland Sea. The stone lantern and stone pier in the harbor were built during the Edo period (1603-1867). One of Tomonoura's popular souvenirs is Homei-shu - a medicinal liq...

Statue of Mother and Child in the Storm
Statue of Mother and Child in the Storm

This is the original work of Hongo Shin, a sculptor famous for a number of monuments including "Wadatsumi's Statue". All Hongo's works are highly expressive of human love. This statue was funded by the Hiroshima City Ladies Union in August 1960. The bronze statue is in the image of a mother trying to overcome difficulties while clinging to her...

Peace Bell
Peace Bell

This was installed with the aim of abolishing nuclear weapons and bringing about world peace. Cast by expert bell-caster and national treasure Masahiko Katori, a world map without national borders is on the surface of the bell to symbolize a single, unified world. People are free to strike the bell, so please take the opportunity to do so with...

Old Bank of Japan Hiroshima Branch
Old Bank of Japan Hiroshima Branch

The former Hiroshima branch of the Bank of Japan is in the center of the city. The building was constructed in August 1936 and still stands today - showing the scars of the atomic bomb. The building stands at a distance of 380m from ground zero. The strong structure enabled the bank to remain virtually intact. When the Hiroshima branch moved t...

Hiroshima Castle
Hiroshima Castle

Hiroshima castle is a typical flat castle that was constructed by Mouri Terumoto, who was one of the most significant servants ("Godairou") of Hideyoshi Toyotomi. Fukushima family and later Asano family lived there during the Edo era. This castle tower was designated as National Treasure in 1931 (Showa 6). It was destroyed by atomic bomb. Late...

Ground zero/Shima Hospital (Explanation Board for the victims)
Ground zero/Shima Hospital (Explanation Board for the victims)

The atomic bomb exploded at a height of 600m directly above the Shima Hospital located in Saikumachi in Hiroshima City. The original Shima Hospital was built in 1933 as a modern two-floor brick building. It was destroyed in the blast. The plaque explains how the events unfolded on that fateful day....

Flame of Peace
Flame of Peace

Lit on 1st August 1964 in hope of a world without nuclear weapons, the flame will continue to burn until nuclear weapons are abolished worldwide. The pedestal was designed in the image of two hands pressed together with the palms facing the sky....

Children-s Peace Monument
Children's Peace Monument

This monument was built to commemorate Sadako Sasaki and the thousands of other innocent children who died due to the atomic bombing of Hiroshima. Sadako Sasaki was a young girl who was exposed to the radiation of the blast at the age of two and died ten years later from leukemia. Sadako, who continued to fold paper cranes throughout her long ...

Cenotaph for A-bomb Victims (Memorial Monument for Hiroshima, City of Peace)
Cenotaph for A-bomb Victims (Memorial Monument for Hiroshima, City of Peace)

Officially named the 'Memorial Monument for Hiroshima, City of Peace', it is more commonly known as the Memorial Cenotaph. The names of all those who lost their lives are inscribed inside the central stone vault regardless of nationality. It currently holds more than 290,000 names of those who lost their lives to the bomb and new names are dis...

The Atomic Bomb Dome
The Atomic Bomb Dome

At 8:15am on 6th August 1945, the first atomic bomb in human history was dropped on Hiroshima. Although, the Atomic Bomb Dome was located almost directly underneath the explosion, it somehow avoided complete destruction and the remains of the building still stand today. The residents of Hiroshima decided to keep this tragic reminder of war int...

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