HistoryHiroshima's origins can be traced to the end of the 6th century and beginning of the 7th century when the area began to prosper. At the time, Hiroshima was divided into two regions, Aki and Bingo. Towns prospered along transportation routes through the mountains and on the inland sea.
In 1589 Mori Terumoto, a regional warlord during the Sengoku period, gave Hiroshima its name and built a castle in what is now Hiroshima City. During the Edo period(1603-1867), modern-day Hiroshima Prefecture was divided into two domains, the Fukuyama Fief to the east and Hiroshima Fief to the west. Under the abolition of Fiefs, the two regions were joined into a single Hiroshima Prefecture and by 1876 the current borders had been established. Hiroshima Prefecture and by 1876 the current borders had been established.
In August 1945, the city of Hiroshima was destroyed instantaneously with the dropping of the atomic bomb. Neighboring cities also suffered damage as a result of the war. Afterwards, through the ceaseless efforts of Hiroshima citizens, the region made an impressive recovery and is now continuing to develop as a center of government, economics, and culture in the Chugoku-Shikoku Region.
Hiroshima prefecture can be roughly divided to the four areas - Aki Area of South West, Bingo Area of South East, Geihoku Area of North West, and Bihoku Area of North East. Those areas have each local cultures, food cultures, climates and so forth, so visitors can feel each individual attraction.